The Basics of Breeding Betta Fish
Betta fish are unique, gorgeous fish that make an excellent addition to
any home. With their wing-like fins, and their exotic coloring, they are a sight to behold. These are,
however, very unique fish that originate in very unique conditions, so if you wish to get into breeding Betta
fish, there are some basics that you will need to know.
You will not only need to know the habitats in which they thrive, but the behaviors they display, as well as
have an in depth understanding of the reproduction process of the Betta fish.
The Best Bettas to Breed
Young males are, as in the human kingdom, more fertile, and thus more likely to have a high level of
reproduction than do older Betta fish. The Bettas most of us are familiar with - those that you see in small
containers at pet stores - tend to be older Betta fish, and are not the best for breeding.
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If possible, get in contact with a reputable fish breeder to purchase so-called "breeder fish". Males under the
age of 14 months are the best breeders. It is also important that when selecting a male and female that you choose
fish that are roughly the same size. If the female is smaller than the male, she is prone to attack by the
The "Cliff's Notes" Version of Betta Breeding
The male and female Betta need to remain separated until they acclimate to their environment. A special
"breeding tank" will need to be created, and the process of breeding is arduous, but beginning. A good breeding
tank will have a removable divider for the introduction of the fish. Whether you choose a clear or colored divider
is your decision. The water needs to be around 80 degrees, as this is the optimal temperature for breeding Betta
The tank needs to be placed in a peaceful, quiet area, but should not be put in direct sunlight, as this will be
dangerous for the adult Bettas, and especially the eggs, and the hatchlings called "fry's". Gravel and live plants
can be added. The male will then need to be added to the breeding tank and fed live food for about two weeks (brine
shrimp and bloodworms, fresh or frozen, are excellent choices).
It is now time to introduce the pair. The female will need to placed on the other side of the divider and the
male and female will need to be able to see each other, but not able to get to each other. This needs to go on for
a few days. Then an actual introduction will need to take place and the divider will need to be removed. This is
where caution needs to be of prime concern. Betta fish can be picky in their choice of mates, and if fighting and
aggressive behavior such as fluffing of fins takes place, the match probably is not made in heaven.
If the match does "take", the female needs to be removed as soon as the eggs are laid. The male will remain in
the breeding tank until the fry's hatch. When the fry's are of a larger size, the male will need to be removed as
While it might seem like the breeding of Betta fish is a complex and strange process, once you have an
understanding, it will become like second nature. You just have to arm yourself with knowledge and have patience.
The rest will come with time.
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